\(4\)-step \(5\)-point hybrid block method for the direct solution of second order initial value problems


Adeyeye Oluwaseun - School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia


Block methods for the numerical solution of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) are quite prominent in recent literature and second order initial value problems (IVPs) which falls in the family of ODEs is also a well explored area for the application of block methods. The introduction of hybrid block method methods for the solution of second order IVPs has gained good grounds in literature as the presence of off-grid points in the block method has increased the accuracy of the hybrid block methods. However, recent studies still continue to introduce new block methods that will perform more favourably than previously existing when compared in terms of error. Hence, a hybrid block method of order six is presented in this article to compete with previously existing methods of the same order and higher order. The methodology adopted in this article presents a new approach for developing the hybrid block method which is simple to implement and less computationally tiresome. The numerical results show this new \(4\)-step \(5\)-point hybrid block method performing better than previously existing methods.