In this paper, the residual power series method (RPSM) is effectively applied to find the exact solutions of fractional-order time dependent Schrödinger equations. The competency of the method is examined by applying it to the several numerical examples. Mainly, we find that our solutions obtained by the proposed method are completely compatible with the solutions available in the literature. The obtained results interpret that the proposed method is very effective and simple for handling different types of fractional differential equations (FDEs).